Douglas First Nation

FN Code: 
"The community of Douglas is situated at the northern end of Little Harrison Lake, which is connected by the Douglas Channel to the much larger Harrison Lake. This is the southern most of the In-SHUCK-ch community and also of the entire Lillooet [St̓át̓imcets] linguistic group. Another community on the west side of the Lillooet River, commonly known as Tipella, is affiliated with the community of Douglas, since most of the members of Xa'xtsa [HAHK-cha] Nation (commonly known as the Douglas Band) presently live here."[[1363]]

Community information

"The name 'Port Douglas' originates from the colonial period, when the town, one of the earliest to be established in British Columbia, was erected adjacent to the present First Nations community in 1858. It was the starting point on the famed Harrison-Lillooet wagon road, also known in historic times as the Douglas Portage... Thousands of miners from all over the world stopped in Port Douglas before undertaking on this less than comfortable trail, which led to the Fraser River and on to the Cariboo gold fields. The town reached its economic peak between 1859 and 1860, but after the completion of the Cariboo wagon road through the Fraser River Canyon, traffic through Port Douglas was re-routed, and the town was virtually abandoned by 1865. The lot on which the town of Port Douglas stood eventually became a logging camp for a number of different logging companies. The community of Douglas reached its economic peak in the 1950's when residents from the communities up the Lillooet River stayed at Douglas during the summer months, working in the logging industry. Port Douglas was also used as a launch point for travel down Harrison Lake to New Westminster. Many members of the communities of Douglas, Skatin (Skookumchuck), and Samahquam traveled to Agassiz and Hammersley to pick hops and berries. Although they began hop-picking in the early 1900's, this activity did not reach its peak until the 1940's and 1950's... The forestry companies have since moved out of Port Douglas... [and] a mining company now inhabits the logging camp at Port Douglas... Only a few families presently inhabit the Douglas community, but many hope to return to it, once the treaty is completed. It is hoped that the treaty will allow members to build new homes and create the kinds of economic opportunities that were once so attainable in their cherished community."[[1363]]

Population on reserve: 72[[8827]]
Population off reserve: 220[[8827]]
Total population: 292[[8827]]

Language information

Douglas First Nation speaks Ucwalmícwts (Lower St̓át̓imc).


Number of Fluent Speakers:
Number of Speakers that understand some of the language:
Number of Speakers learning the language:

Historically known as:

Douglas First Nation
Xa'xtsa Nation

LNA 1s

Title Submitted Organization/First Nation/Government Language
LNA6536 - Pa'La7Wit Society of the Lower Lillooet Lake Submitted Pa'La7Wit Society of the Lower Lillooet Lake St̓át̓imcets
LNA6512 - Pa'La7Wit Society of the Lower Lillooet Lake Submitted Pa'La7Wit Society of the Lower Lillooet Lake St̓át̓imcets
LNA6224 - Xa'xtsa Submitted Xa'xtsa St̓át̓imcets
LNA3762 - Head of the Lake School Submitted Head of the Lake School St̓át̓imcets